An act to add Chapter 2.99 (commencing with Section 53398.50) to Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code, relating to local government.
(a) “Affected taxing entity” means any governmental taxing agency which levied or had levied on its behalf a property tax on all or a portion of the property located in the proposed district in the fiscal year prior to the designation of the district, but not including any county office of education, school district, or community college district.
(b) “County” means a county or a city and county.
(c) “Debt” means any binding obligation to repay a sum of money, including obligations in the form of bonds, certificates of participation, long-term leases, loans from government agencies, or loans from banks, other financial institutions, private businesses, or individuals.
(d) “Designated official” means the city or county engineer or other appropriate official designated pursuant to Section 53398.62.
(e) (1) “District” means an enhanced infrastructure financing district.
(2) An enhanced infrastructure financing district is a district within the meaning of Section 1 of Article XIII A of the California Constitution.
(f) “Enhanced infrastructure financing district” means a legally constituted governmental entity separate and distinct from the city or county that established it pursuant to this chapter for the sole purpose of financing public facilities or other projects as authorized by this chapter. An enhanced infrastructure financing district shall be a local agency for purposes of Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 54950).
(g) “Landowner” or “owner of land” means any person shown as the owner of land on the last equalized assessment roll or otherwise known to be the owner of the land by the legislative body. The legislative body has no obligation to obtain other information as to the ownership of land, and its determination of ownership shall be final and conclusive for the purposes of this chapter. A public agency is not a landowner or owner of land for purposes of this chapter, unless the public agency owns all of the land to be included within the proposed district.
(h) “Legislative body” means the city council or board of supervisors.
(1) If a district has only one participating affected taxing entity, the public financing authority’s membership shall consist of three members of the legislative body of the participating entity, and two members of the public chosen by the legislative body. The appointment of the public members shall be subject to the provisions of Section 54974.
(2) If a district has two or more participating affected taxing entities, the public financing authority’s membership shall consist of a majority of members from the legislative bodies of the participating entities, and a minimum of two members of the public chosen by the legislative bodies of the participating entities. The appointment of the public members shall be subject to the provisions of Section 54974.
(b) The legislative body shall ensure the public financing authority is established prior to adopting a resolution pursuant to Section 53398.69 to adopt an infrastructure financing plan and to form a district.
(c) Members of the public financing authority established pursuant to this chapter shall not receive compensation but may receive reimbursement for actual and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of official duties pursuant to Article 2.3 (commencing with Section 53232) of Chapter 2.
(d) Members of the public financing authority are subject to Article 2.4 (commencing with Section 53234) of Chapter 2.
(e) The public financing authority created pursuant to this chapter shall be a local public agency subject to the Ralph M. Brown Act (Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 54950)), the California Public Records Act (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 6250) of Division 7 of Title 1), and the Political Reform Act of 1974 (Title 9 (commencing with Section 81000)).
(A) The purchase, construction, expansion, improvement, seismic retrofit, or rehabilitation of any real or other tangible property with an estimated useful life of 15 years or longer that satisfies the requirements of subdivision (b).
(B) The planning and design work that is directly related to the purchase, construction, expansion, or rehabilitation of property.
(C) The costs described in Sections 53398.56 and 53398.57.
(2) The facilities need not be physically located within the boundaries of the district. However, any facilities financed outside of a district must have a tangible connection to the work of the district, as detailed in the infrastructure financing plan adopted pursuant to Section 53398.69.
(3) A district may not finance routine maintenance, repair work, or the costs of an ongoing operation or providing services of any kind.
(b) The district shall finance only public capital facilities or other specified projects of communitywide significance that provide significant benefits to the district or the surrounding community, including, but not limited to, all of the following:
(1) Highways, interchanges, ramps and bridges, arterial streets, parking facilities, and transit facilities.
(2) Sewage treatment and water reclamation plants and interceptor pipes.
(3) Facilities for the collection and treatment of water for urban uses.
(4) Flood control levees and dams, retention basins, and drainage channels.
(5) Child care facilities.
(7) Parks, recreational facilities, and open space.
(8) Facilities for the transfer and disposal of solid waste, including transfer stations and vehicles.
(9) Brownfield restoration and other environmental mitigation.
(10) The development of projects on a former military base, provided that the projects are consistent with the military base authority reuse plan and are approved by the military base reuse authority, if applicable.
(11) The repayment of the transfer of funds to a military base reuse authority pursuant to Section 67851 that occurred on or after the creation of the district.
(12) The acquisition, construction, or rehabilitation of housing for persons of low and moderate income, as defined in Section 50093 of the Health and Safety Code, for rent or purchase.
(13) Acquisition, construction, or repair of industrial structures for private use.
(14) Transit priority projects, as defined in Section 21155 of the Public Resources Code, that are located within a transit priority project area. For purposes of this paragraph, a transit priority project area may include a military base reuse plan that meets the definition of a transit priority project area and it may include a contaminated site within a transit priority project area.
(15) Projects that implement a sustainable communities strategy, when the State Air Resources Board, pursuant to Chapter 2.5 (commencing with Section 65080) of Division 2 of Title 7, has accepted a metropolitan planning organization’s determination that the sustainable communities strategy or the alternative planning strategy would, if implemented, achieve the greenhouse gas emission reduction targets.
(c) The district shall require, by recorded covenants or restrictions, that housing units built pursuant to this section shall remain available at affordable housing costs to, and occupied by, persons and families of low- or moderate-income households for the longest feasible time, but for not less than 55 years for rental units and 45 years for owner-occupied units.
(d) The district may finance mixed-income housing developments, but may finance only those units in such a development that are restricted to occupancy by persons of low or moderate incomes as defined in Section 50093 of the Health and Safety Code, and those onsite facilities for child care, after-school care, and social services that are integrally linked to the tenants of the restricted units.
(e) A district may utilize any powers under the Polanco Redevelopment Act (Article 12.5 (commencing with Section 33459) of Chapter 4 of Part 1 of Division 24 of the Health and Safety Code), and finance any action necessary to implement that act.
(a) The successor agency for the former redevelopment agency created by the city or county has received a finding of completion, as specified in Section 34179.7 of the Health and Safety Code.
(b) The city or county certifies to the Department of Finance and to the public financing authority that no former redevelopment agency assets that are the subject of litigation involving the state, where the city or county, the successor agency, or the designated local authority are a named plaintiff, have been or will be used to benefit any efforts of an enhanced infrastructure financing district formed under this chapter, unless the litigation and all possible appeals have been resolved in a court of law. The city or county shall provide this certification to the Department of Finance within 10 days of its legislative body’s action to participate in an enhanced infrastructure financing district pursuant to Section 53398.68, or of its legislative body’s action to form an enhanced infrastructure financing district pursuant to Section 53398.69.
(c) The office of the Controller has completed its review as specified in Section 34167.5 of the Health and Safety Code.
(d) The successor agency and the entity that created the former redevelopment agency have complied with all of the office of the Controller’s findings and orders stemming from the reviews as specified in subdivision (c).
(b) A district may finance only the facilities authorized in this chapter to the extent that the facilities are in addition to those provided in the territory of the district before the district was created. The additional facilities may not supplant facilities already available within that territory when the district was created but may supplement, rehabilitate, upgrade, or make more sustainable those facilities.
(c) A district may include areas which are not contiguous.
(a) Within two years of the removal or destruction, cause or require the construction or rehabilitation, for rent or sale to persons or families of low or moderate income, of an equal number of replacement dwelling units at affordable housing cost, as defined in Section 50052.5 of the Health and Safety Code, within the territory of the district if the dwelling units removed were inhabited by persons or families of low or moderate income, as defined in Section 50093 of the Health and Safety Code.
(b) Within two years of the removal or destruction, cause or require the construction or rehabilitation, for rent or sale to persons of low or moderate income, a number of dwelling units that is at least one unit but not less than 25 percent of the total dwelling units removed at affordable housing cost, as defined in Section 50052.5 of the Health and Safety Code, within the territory of the district if the dwelling units removed or destroyed were not inhabited by persons of low or moderate income, as defined in Section 50093 of the Health and Safety Code.
(c) Provide relocation assistance and make all the payments required by Chapter 16 (commencing with Section 7260) of Division 7 of Title 1, to persons displaced by any public or private development occurring within the territory of the district. This displacement shall be deemed to be the result of public action.
(d) Ensure that removal or destruction of any dwelling units occupied by persons or families of low or moderate income not take place unless and until there are suitable housing units, at comparable cost to the units from which the persons or families were displaced, available and ready for occupancy by the residents of the units at the time of their displacement. The housing units shall be suitable to the needs of these displaced persons or families, and shall be decent, safe, sanitary, and otherwise standard dwellings.
(e) (1) The district shall require, by recorded covenants or restrictions, that housing units built pursuant to this section shall remain available at affordable housing costs to, and occupied by, persons and families of low- or moderate-income households for the longest feasible time, but for not less than 55 years for rental units and 45 years for owner-occupied units.
(2) In lieu of a 45-year covenant or restriction, the district may subject owner-occupied units to an equity sharing agreement described in paragraph (2) of subdivision (c) of Section 65915.
(a) State that an enhanced infrastructure financing district is proposed to be established under the terms of this chapter and describe the boundaries of the proposed district, which may be accomplished by reference to a map on file in the office of the clerk of the city or in the office of the recorder of the county, as applicable.
(b) State the type of public facilities and development proposed to be financed or assisted by the district in accordance with Section 53398.52.
(c) State the need for the district and the goals the district proposes to achieve.
(d) State that incremental property tax revenue from the city or county and some or all affected taxing entities within the district, if approved by resolution pursuant to Section 53398.68, may be used to finance these activities.
(e) Fix a time and place for a public hearing on the proposal.
(a) A map and legal description of the proposed district, which may include all or a portion of the district designated by the legislative body in its resolution of intention.
(b) A description of the public facilities and other forms of development or financial assistance that is proposed in the area of the district, including those to be provided by the private sector, those to be provided by governmental entities without assistance under this chapter, those public improvements and facilities to be financed with assistance from the proposed district, and those to be provided jointly. The description shall include the proposed location, timing, and costs of the development and financial assistance.
(c) If funding from affected taxing entities is incorporated into the financing plan, a finding that the development and financial assistance are of communitywide significance and provide significant benefits to an area larger than the area of the district.
(d) A financing section, which shall contain all of the following information:
(1) A specification of the maximum portion of the incremental tax revenue of the city or county and of each affected taxing entity proposed to be committed to the district for each year during which the district will receive incremental tax revenue. The portion need not be the same for all affected taxing entities. The portion may change over time.
(2) A projection of the amount of tax revenues expected to be received by the district in each year during which the district will receive tax revenues, including an estimate of the amount of tax revenues attributable to each affected taxing entity for each year.
(3) A plan for financing the public facilities to be assisted by the district, including a detailed description of any intention to incur debt.
(4) A limit on the total number of dollars of taxes that may be allocated to the district pursuant to the plan.
(5) A date on which the district will cease to exist, by which time all tax allocation to the district will end. The date shall not be more than 45 years from the date on which the issuance of bonds is approved pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 53398.81, or the issuance of a loan is approved by the governing board of a local agency pursuant to Section 53398.87.
(6) An analysis of the costs to the city or county of providing facilities and services to the area of the district while the area is being developed and after the area is developed. The plan shall also include an analysis of the tax, fee, charge, and other revenues expected to be received by the city or county as a result of expected development in the area of the district.
(7) An analysis of the projected fiscal impact of the district and the associated development upon each affected taxing entity.
(8) A plan for financing any potential costs that may be incurred by reimbursing a developer of a project that is both located entirely within the boundaries of that district and qualifies for the Transit Priority Project Program, pursuant to Section 65470, including any permit and affordable housing expenses related to the project.
(e) If any dwelling units occupied by persons or families are proposed to be removed or destroyed in the course of private development or public works construction within the area of the district, a plan providing for replacement of those units and relocation of those persons or families consistent with the requirements of Section 53398.56.
(f) The goals the district proposes to achieve for each project financed pursuant to Section 53398.52.
(b) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent the legislative body from amending its infrastructure financing plan and adopting a resolution proposing formation of the enhanced infrastructure financing district without allocation of the tax revenues of any affected taxing entity that has not approved the infrastructure financing plan by resolution of the governing body of the affected taxing entity.
(b) The infrastructure financing plan and the formation of the enhanced infrastructure financing district shall take effect upon the legislative body’s adoption of the resolution. The infrastructure financing plan shall specify if the district shall be funded solely through the district’s share of tax increment, governmental or private loans, grants, bonds, assessments, fees, or some combination thereof. However, the public financing authority may not issue bonds or levy assessments or fees that may be included in the infrastructure financing plan prior to one or more of the following:
(1) An affirmative vote, pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 53398.81, to issue bonds to finance the infrastructure financing plan.
(2) Without compliance with the procedures required in subdivision (f) of Section 53398.75, to levy assessments or fees to finance the infrastructure financing plan.
(c) In addition the district may expend up to 10 percent of any accrued tax increment in the first two years of the effective date of the enhanced infrastructure financing district on planning and dissemination of information to the residents within the district’s boundaries about the infrastructure financing plan and planned activities to be funded by the district.
(b) If the vote is to be by the landowners of the proposed district, analysis and arguments may be waived with the unanimous consent of all the landowners and shall be so stated in the order for the election.
(b) The identification envelope for return of mail ballots used in landowner elections shall contain the following:
(1) The name of the landowner.
(2) The address of the landowner.
(3) A declaration, under penalty of perjury, stating that the voter is the owner of record or the authorized representative of the landowner entitled to vote and is the person whose name appears on the identification envelope.
(4) The printed name and signature of the voter.
(5) The address of the voter.
(6) The date of signing and place of execution of the declaration pursuant to paragraph (3).
(7) A notice that the envelope contains an official ballot and is to be opened only by the canvassing board.
(1) That portion of the taxes that would be produced by the rate upon which the tax is levied each year by or for each of the affected taxing entities upon the total sum of the assessed value of the taxable property in the district as shown upon the assessment roll used in connection with the taxation of the property by the affected taxing entity, last equalized prior to the effective date of the ordinance adopted pursuant to Section 53398.69 to create the district, shall be allocated to, and when collected shall be paid to, the respective affected taxing entities as taxes by or for the affected taxing entities on all other property are paid.
(2) That portion of the levied taxes each year specified in the adopted infrastructure financing plan for the city or county and each affected taxing entity that has agreed to participate pursuant to Section 53398.68 in excess of the amount specified in subdivision (a) shall be allocated to, and when collected shall be paid into a special fund of, the district for all lawful purposes of the district. Unless and until the total assessed valuation of the taxable property in a district exceeds the total assessed value of the taxable property in the district as shown by the last equalized assessment roll referred to in subdivision (a), all of the taxes levied and collected upon the taxable property in the district shall be paid to the respective affected taxing entities. When the district ceases to exist pursuant to the adopted infrastructure financing plan, all moneys thereafter received from taxes upon the taxable property in the district shall be paid to the respective affected taxing entities as taxes on all other property are paid.
(b) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), where any district boundaries overlap with the boundaries of any former redevelopment project area, any debt or obligation of a district shall be subordinate to any and all enforceable obligations of the former redevelopment agency, as approved by the Oversight Board and the Department of Finance. For the purposes of this chapter, the division of taxes allocated to the district pursuant to subdivision (a) of this section or of subdivision (b) of Section 53396 shall not include any taxes required to be deposited by the county auditor-controller into the Redevelopment Property Tax Trust Fund created pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 34170.5 of the Health and Safety Code.
(c) The legislative body of the city or county forming the district may choose to dedicate any portion of its net available revenue to the district through the financing plan described in Section 53398.63.
(d) For the purposes of this section, “net available revenue” means periodic distributions to the city or county from the Redevelopment Property Tax Trust Fund, created pursuant to Section 34170.5 of the Health and Safety Code, that are available to the city or county after all preexisting legal commitments and statutory obligations funded from that revenue are made pursuant to Part 1.85 (commencing with Section 34170) of Division 24 of the Health and Safety Code. “Net available revenue” shall not include any funds deposited by the county auditor-controller into the Redevelopment Property Tax Trust Fund or funds remaining in the Redevelopment Property Tax Trust Fund prior to distribution. Net available revenues shall not include any moneys payable to a school district that maintains kindergarten and grades 1 to 12, inclusive, community college districts, county office of education, or to the Educational Revenue Augmentation Fund, pursuant to paragraph (4) of subdivision (a) of Section 34183 of the Health and Safety Code.
(e) (1) That portion of any ad valorem property tax revenue annually allocated to a city or county pursuant to Section 97.70 of the Revenue and Taxation Code that is specified in the adopted infrastructure financing plan for the city or county that has agreed to participate pursuant to Section 53398.68, and that corresponds to the increase in the assessed valuation of taxable property shall be allocated to, and when collected shall be apportioned to a special fund of the district for all lawful purposes of the district.
(2) When the district ceases to exist pursuant to the adopted infrastructure financing plan, the revenues described in this subdivision shall be allocated to, and when collected, shall be apportioned to the respective city or county.
(f) This section shall not be construed to prevent a district from utilizing revenues from any of the following sources to support its activities provided that the applicable voter approval has been obtained, and the infrastructure financing plan has been approved pursuant to Section 53398.69:
(1) The Improvement Act of 1911 (Division 7 (commencing with Section 5000) of the Streets and Highways Code).
(2) The Municipal Improvement Act of 1913 (Division 12 (commencing with Section 10000) of the Streets and Highways Code).
(3) The Improvement Bond Act of 1915 (Division 10 (commencing with Section 8500) of the Streets and Highways Code).
(4) The Landscaping and Lighting Act of 1972 (Part 2 (commencing with Section 22500) of Division 15 of the Streets and Highways Code).
(5) The Vehicle Parking District Law of 1943 (Part 1 (commencing with Section 31500) of Division 18 of the Streets and Highways Code).
(6) The Parking District Law of 1951 (Part 4 (commencing with Section 35100) of Division 18 of the Streets and Highways Code).
(7) The Park and Playground Act of 1909 (Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 38000) of Part 2 of Division 3 of Title 4 of this code).
(8) The Mello-Roos Community Facilities Act of 1982 (Chapter 2.5 (commencing with Section 53311) of Part 1 of Division 2 of this title).
(9) The Benefit Assessment Act of 1982 (Chapter 6.4 (commencing with Section 54703) of Part 1 of Division 2 of this title).
(10) The so-called facilities benefit assessment levied by the charter city of San Diego or any substantially similar assessment levied for the same purpose by any other charter city pursuant to any ordinance or charter provision.
(a) A description of the facilities or developments to be financed with the proceeds of the proposed bond issue.
(b) The estimated cost of the facilities or developments, the estimated cost of preparing and issuing the bonds, and the principal amount of the proposed bond issuance.
(c) The maximum interest rate and discount on the proposed bond issuance.
(d) The date of the election on the proposed bond issuance and the manner of holding the election.
(e) A determination of the amount of tax revenue available or estimated to be available, for the payment of the principal of, and interest on, the bonds.
(f) A finding that the amount necessary to pay the principal of, and interest on, the proposed bond issuance will be less than, or equal to, the amount determined pursuant to subdivision (e).
If there are no newspapers meeting these criteria, the resolution shall be posted in three public places within the territory of the district for two succeeding weeks.
(b) If at least 12 persons have been registered to vote within the territory of the district for each of the 90 days preceding the close of the hearing, the vote shall be by the registered voters of the district, who need not necessarily be the same persons, with each voter having one vote. Otherwise, the vote shall be by the landowners of the district and each landowner who is the owner of record at the close of the protest hearing, or the authorized representative thereof, shall have one vote for each acre or portion of an acre of land that he or she owns within the district. The number of votes to be voted by a particular landowner shall be specified on the ballot provided to that landowner.
(c) Ballots for the special election authorized by subdivision (a) may be distributed to qualified electors by mail with return postage prepaid or by personal service by the election official. The official conducting the election may certify the proper mailing of ballots by an affidavit, which shall be exclusive proof of mailing in the absence of fraud. The voted ballots shall be returned to the election officer conducting the election not later than the hour specified in the resolution calling the election. However, if all the qualified voters have voted, the election shall be closed.
(b) If the voters approve the issuance of the bonds as provided by subdivision (a), the public financing authority shall proceed with the issuance of the bonds by adopting a resolution that shall provide for all of the following:
(1) The issuance of the bonds in one or more series.
(2) The principal amount of the bonds that shall be consistent with the amount specified in subdivision (b) of Section 53398.78.
(3) The date the bonds will bear.
(4) The date of maturity of the bonds.
(5) The denomination of the bonds.
(6) The form of the bonds.
(7) The manner of execution of the bonds.
(8) The medium of payment in which the bonds are payable.
(9) The place or manner of payment and any requirements for registration of the bonds.
(10) The terms of call or redemption, with or without premium.
(b) Upon the request of the Governor or of the Legislature, the Bureau of State Audits shall be authorized to conduct financial and performance audits of districts. The results of the audits shall be provided to the district, the Controller, the Director of Finance, and the Joint Legislative Budget Committee.
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